Index & Chronology/Birth and Childhood/ Coronation/Speeches Index /Reasoning/ Empress Menen /List of Ethiopian Kings/Quotes/News/Pictures/More Pictures/Even More Pictures/Cannizaro Park Pictures/Bible References: Ethiopia/Coronation
Click here to
return to your previous page
Please note this work has been typed from the original booklet which was translated from the Amharic. I have corrected a couple of obvious typing errors but otherwise left the text unchanged.
Anything in this colour is added by I.
Give thanks to Sister Lily Mihirete Amlak who supplied the booklet.
is part one click here for part two
click here for part three
The words of Haile Selassie on the passing of Empress Itegue Menen
The wife to His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie I
King of Kings of Ethiopia
Memorial for Empress Menen Asfaw’s Birth Day
Written by Yared Gebre Michael
25 March (Maggabit 25 = April
3rd) 1950 E.C. Addis Ababa
Translated by Adane Wondie Gebru (Addis Ababa University)
EMPRESS MENEN YOUR EXCELLENCY
I would like to
prepare this book for your 67th birth day ceremony. This book may not contain
all your biography, but it is a small part of it. When I prepare this book your
excellency may acknowledge it and I beg your majesty in the state of fear to
present the book.
Even though, your kindness and charity is well known all over the world, I have to transfer my knowledge of your good deeds for the coming generation. I was lucky to observe what was going on in your palace when I was learning in the compound of St. Mark church since 1916. During that time I had observed at near your kindness, charity and good deeds. this forced me to write this book in order to help for the historians to give them source.
I have no intention to be considered as a history writer level. But my interest is to give concrete fact for the next generation in written form. As His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie’s Regime helps writers to preserve historical facts, I, your servant would like to use this opportunity to put this book as a remembrance between generation. This small book may contain your good deeds and I am initiated after I had observed your charity and kindness.
I am very grateful for the Almighty God for which I could accomplish this book. And then I wish long life for the famous His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie I King of Kings of Ethiopia, princes, princesses and the whole family. This is not only my wish but also deep and keen interest of all Ethiopian to you.
Your servant Yared Gebre Michael from Wogda (Jirru) Doba
When we refer ancient history documents since Adam we can observe that it is not only men struggle for the better, but also women contributed a lot on their part being on the side of men. Women shared problems and scarified them selves which make them sacred and give them special place in the history of mankind.
Woman participated in the battle field with men and be victorious than men. Some women are remembered famously because they made adventure. During peace women show their hospitality at home. History mention that they invite the army and have good social relations.
More than in any country, women in Ethiopia as men fight in the battle field being courageous. In the war front women fight with their husbands. Some women were commanders of the army which made them famous and their name is noticed in the world.
From these famous women Queen Taitu has got a great historical place. Empress Taitu fought in Adua battle field as a soldier and as a commander of the army before 62 years.
memorial photography of his Majesty King of Kings Haile Sellassie I, Empress
Menen, princess Tanagne Work Haile Sellassie I, prince Merid Azmach Asfaw
Wasenn, princess Wolete Israel Syeoum, Princess Zenebework Haile Sellassie,
Princess Tsehaye Haile Sellassie, Prince Mekonnen the ‘Duke’ of Harar.
Next to Queen Taitu our most chanceful Queen Empress Menen is the one who is the most beautiful naturally. Empress Menen is blessed and rich Queen Menen is kind, human, and God fearing.
She is always with the people who share the problems and find solutions. Queen Menen stretches her hand for the poor so that all Ethiopians like her very much.
In 1928 when Majesty King of Kings went to the battle filled Empress Menen administered the people in the capital city.
When the enemy’s airplanes came to bomb, queen Menen encouraged the people and worked seriously.
In the history of Ethiopia no one has got a chance to get many children & grand children which help to strength the dynasty except King of Kings Haile Sellassie and Empress Menen.
Perhaps one or two children may belong to the former kings , but they cannot taste how sweet it is their grand children’s effort and success.
Majesty King of Kings Haile Sellassie and Empress Menen, because God blessed, them, during 47 years of marriage years have got many children & grand children. The king and the Queen were tied with Holy communion. Their children and grand children were engaged in different fobs to give service for their country. This is special and absolute history for us which we cannot get any where.
Empress Menen since she came to this world in 1883 for 67 years age accomplished human deeds and charity. This kindness categorized her into sacred women. Elders, Monks, and priests in the church are witnesses for their sacred deeds. The writer is also would like to explain her eternal work by writing her biography in the following chapters.
Yared Gebre Michael
Majesty Empress Menen
“Princess Mrs (Woizero) now Empress Menen was born in March 25, (Maggabit 25 = April 3rd) 1883 in Wollo province Ambassel Region at ‘Egua’ area from her father ‘Jantirar’ Asfaw and her Mother ‘Woizero’ Sehin Michael.
She was baptized in St Delba George Church. Her Christian name was ‘Wolete Giorgis’. Her name ‘Menen’ is given for the most beautiful respected ladies.
“Princess ‘Woizero’ now Empress Menen was grown well be her parents, then she has got instructor at home like the former Lords’ and Dukes’ sons and daughters. Empress Menen know her native language, Amharic the reading and writing skill. Her Amharic teachers were Maduna and Father Workineh. Beyond academic education she has learnt home economics & spinning as Ethiopian tradition.
Since she has the best knowledge of house hold management people called her the head of women.
Empress Menen is charming lady and no one can compete with her.
In 1892 she married legally and born 2 daughters and 2 sons. These are “Woizero’ Belaynesh, “Jantiror Asfaw, “Jantirar’ Gebre Egziabher and “Woizero’ Desta.
In Nov. 5 1903 she started journey from Dessie and reached Nov. 25, 1903 in Addis Ababa. In the same year in June the then “Dejazmach Teferi” now Majesty Emperor Haile Sellassie I King of Kings of Ethiopia married her. “lij’ Eyasu was responsible and made them a couple. The Wedding Ceremony was accomplished in the following condition.
His Majesty King of Ethiopia Haile Sellassie was the Governor of Harar.
The bride princess ‘Woizero’ Menen was in Addis Ababa. The then Dejazmach Teferi Majesty King of Kings of Ethiopia, Haile Sellassie I sent to Addis Ababa his loyal servant the then Gijazmach now prince ‘Ras’ Emiru Haile Sellasse, “Lij’ Beshah Wured. “Kegnazmach Gobaw leading other invited follows with them were sent travelled from Addis Ababa riding horses and mules and reached in July 23, 1903 in Harar. When they arrived there, Dejazmach Teferi waited them at the place called Hammaressa near to Harar Kejazmach Teferi was accompanied by his loyal servants and lords to receive her with respect. In addition to this the Harar army was awaiting to receive the princess around Awash.
The people of Harar wished for the couple to be like the sacred marriage of Abraham and Sarah.
22 Jan. 1905 the first daughter princess was born. This princess was baptized at Kombolcha Mariam and her Christian name is Fikirte Mariam.
She was named by her grand father’s mother’s name Tenagne Work and called Tenagne Work Haile Sellassie. Princess Tanagne Work have go many children and become grand mother.
In July 8, 1908 the second son “Duke” was born. This Duke was named by his father Majesty Haile Sellassie and called Asfa Wosen. He was baptized at Adere Tiko Trinity Church and his Christian name was give Amha Sellassie.
Princess Menen delivered Prince Asfa Wosen in Harar city. By the time Dejazmach Teferi was in Addis Ababa. She hug the small baby and travelled to Addis Ababa. When she started her Journey they reached at Qersa. The next day princess Menen travelled from Qersa to Dire Dawa. From Dire Dawa they travelled by train to Awash and they reached at Akaki on Sept 1.
Princess Menen reached in Addis Ababa using the ‘Faltu’ train on Sept 2. They use ‘Faltu’ train because the modern train was introduced in the country. Prince Asfa Wosen have got many children and grand chldren.
In July 18, 1909 the third princess was born.
The princess Christian name is given as Hirute Sellassie. And her name is called princess Zenebework. The princess died in March 15 1925 having no children.
In Sept. 17, 1909 prince Eyashu was impeached by vote and dejazmach Teferi promoted to the rank of Ras and became crown prince of Ethiopia. He has got full authority to govern Ethiopia on behalf of the people and Empress Menen has got a rank of princess.
In Oct. 17, 1909 “Lij’ Eyasu was over thrown from his authority of ruling the country. Even though their grand father father king Michale made civil war since he was at the side of his son Lij Eyasu Michael. Princess Menen kept her promise with her husband crown prince Ras Teferi Mekonnen and showed her loyalty helping him up to the end.
In Feb. 4, 1909 Empress Zewditu took over her father’s position. Her father was Emperor Menelik II.
During that time the crown Prince “Ras’ Teferi Mekonnen had got gold crown and princess “Woizero’ Menen became Empress also got the rank of princess and gold crown.
In Oct.2, 1912 4th princess was born.
The Christian name of this princess was Wolete Birhan and her name is called princess Tsehay.
Princess Tsehay was kind and willing to help the poor. She died in August 12, 1934 without having any children.
There was incomplete church by Empress Taitu in 1910 which is found in east Addis Ababa around Entoto Tigat. EmpressTaitu told to Empress Menen to complete it. Keeping her promise Empress Menen invested a lot of money and constructed the church.
Empress Taitu gave this project to Empress Menen because she knew spiritually that princess Woizero Menen will be Empress in the future.
In March 16 1915 the “Kidane Mihret” church started its ceremony.
The church became monastery and called “Hamere Noh’.
Empress Menen gave her estate to the monastery helped those who give service to the church.
This monastery is still a shelter for many Christians. There is holy water near to the church which people immersed and drink it. People from every corner of Ethiopia give thanks to Empress Menen for this Holy water.
In March 1915 empress Menen travelled to Jerusalem to visit where Jesus Christ was born. Jesus Christ preached Christianity and sacrificed himself for the sake of our sin. Empress Menen went to Jerusalem by train and ship via Djibouti reached in Jerusalem. After she visited every part of Jerusalem, she went to Egypt to visit holy places. She gave a lot of money to monasteries and came back to her places.
In October 5, 1916 Empress Menen delivered the fifth prince.
The prince took the name of his grandfather Mekonnen while his Christian name was Araya Yohannes.
Orice Mekonnen the Duke of Harar, passed away in May 4, 1949 after he had five sons.
In May 30, 1916 His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie was visiting Europe in order to communicate Ethiopia with different states.
In May 20, 1908 Majesty Haile Sellassie was saved from the accident of Harmay sea and Empress Menen was praying wishing that prince crown to come back home safely. Empress Menen gave her daughter Princess Tenangne Work Haile Sellassie to be married with His Excellency “Ras” Desta Damtew on Nov 7 1917.
In May 28 1919 Empress Menen donated a big amount of money for the poor’s children and freed slaves to construct schools.
In Oct. 3 1920 her mother “Woizero Sihin passed away in Addis Ababa at the age of 56 years. The funeral ceremony was at Debre Selam Medhane Alem Church.
In June, 1920, Empress Menen visited Teferi Mekonnen school and donated money after observing different kinds of handicraft products.
In Sept. 27 1921 His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie promoted as Ethiopia King of Kings Prince crown with full authority celebrated crown ceremony. On this occasion Empress Menen showed her ability in inviting the invited guests throughout 8 days feasting.
The feasting had historical chapter which cannot be forgotten.
In Nov. 18 1921 Empress Menen went to Djibouti due to health problem and came back on December 9.
On Feb. 5, 1921 she took king Mechale’s dead body from Holeta Genet Kidane Mihret Church to St Michale Church at Tenta. By the time she accompanied up to Desie and came back to Addis Ababa.
In March 24, 1922 Majesty Empress Zewditu passed away. His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie I took over the crown of his grand father King Menelik II. As a result of this empress Menen has got also the same chance as her husband promoted.
In Sep. 24. 1923 empress Menen founded a new school for girls near to Genete Loul Palace. This makes women to be participated in the sphere of knowledge and technology equally with men. In this school a great number of ladies has got a chance to learn.
Many students got scholarship to foreign countries, this school fulfilled its objective.
In Oct. 23, 1923 (November 2nd 1930!!!!!) His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie I King of Kings of Ethiopia coronated at Menagesha St George Church, he allowed Princess Menen to be Empress and crowned.
The invited guests from different countries had got prize of silver medal which had the picture of King of Kings of Ethiopia Haile Sellassie I and Empress Menen.
Dear invited foreign guests appreciated the beauty of Empress Menen.
In Feb. 20, 1923 Empress Menen delivered the 6th prince. The prince took his Christian name of his grand father prince Sahile Aba Dina. He was baptized at ‘Mekane Sellassie’ Church in Addis Ababa.
In Feb.3, 1924 Empress Menen went to Djibouti for visit and came back on February 10 to Addis Ababa.”